Poland’s state historic physique, the Institute of Nationwide Remembrance (IPN), which has prosecutorial powers, says that it’s getting ready to renew investigations into the deaths of monks who died in suspicious circumstances within the communist period.
“Additional analyses of the circumstances of monks murdered within the Nineteen Eighties and of anti-communist opposition activists from a number of cities are underway,” the IPN’s president, Karol Nawrocki, advised public broadcaster Polskie Radio, including that he hopes the official resumption of investigations shall be introduced quickly.
Whereas he stated that there have been many circumstances of unexplained deaths ready to be re-examined by prosecutors, Nawrocki named three monks – all related to the anti-communist opposition and who all died in 1989 – as being circumstances he had personally questioned himself.
Nazwać zbrodnie po imieniu i ukarać odpowiedzialnych za ich dokonanie. Prokuratorzy @ipngovpl podejmują sprawy niewyjaśnionych zbrodni komunistycznych z lat 80. ⬇️ https://t.co/6YRM8HkBdt
— Rafał Leśkiewicz (@LeskiewiczRafa) June 25, 2022
One in all them, Stanisław Suchowolec, a priest related to the Solidarity motion, was formally designated a sufferer of unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning. Nevertheless, after the autumn of communism prosecutors discovered that his demise had in actual fact been intentionally induced, however they didn’t establish any suspects.
Sylwester Zych, a priest who had beforehand been imprisoned for his anti-communist actions, was discovered lifeless at a bus cease with varied accidents on his physique. Communist propaganda portrayed him as an alcoholic who had died after an evening of heavy ingesting, and prosecutors discontinued their investigation into his demise in 1993.
The third priest, Stefan Niedzielak, had been a distinguished determine in commemorating the Katyn bloodbath of Polish officers by the Soviets. His demise in 1989 was formally discovered to be an accident, however it’s believed that he was intentionally killed by the safety providers, who had beforehand threatened him.
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“I hope we can announce the resumption of investigations that arouse my historic doubts,” stated Nawrocki. “These are investigations which for my part weren’t defined in the best way they need to have been.”
“In fact, the attitude of the historian is sort of totally different from that of the prosecutors,” he added. “This isn’t an try and calibrate my historic view to prosecutorial or authorized wants, however some doubts make me return to unexplored issues.”
A spokesman for the IPN, Rafał Leśkiewicz, advised the Niezależna information service that, whereas it’s presently tough to estimate when the primary conclusions of the invstigations shall be made out there, it’s more than likely a matter of a number of months.
The spokesman additionally admitted, nonetheless, that “at this stage, it’s tough to say whether or not something in any respect shall be achieved on this matter”. However “undoubtedly one ought to at the very least attempt”.
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Primary photograph credit score: Mazur/catholicnews.org.uk (below CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
Alicja Ptak is senior editor at Notes from Poland and a multimedia journalist. She beforehand labored for Reuters.